This book shows readers how soldiers were recruited, outfitted, how they fought, and how they were cared for when injured or when they died.
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It covers soldiers in major civilizations from about B. Soldiers' Lives through History; The Ancient World is divided into two parts, the first addressing military life and the second the ancient armies themselves.
Realm of History
Some of the topics include The physical condition of the soldier Recruitment Rations The soldier's equipment Camp life Discipline and punishment Weapons The chariot The cavalry Siegecraft and artillery Death and wounding Military medical care Topics are discussed cross-culturally, drawing examples from several of the cultures, armies, and time periods within each chapter in order to provide the reader with as comprehensive an understanding as possible and to avoid the usual "Western-centric" perspective too common in analyses of ancient warfare.
The second part of the book, "Ancient Armies," seeks to present a detailed description of eighteen major armies of antiquity. There are 36 illustrations and 3 maps that help readers visualize some of the equipment, armor, transport, and formations that ancient soldiers used, carried, and fought in. Chapter bibliographies as well as a general bibliography and a comprehensive index round out the volume. The Ancient World Richard A. The earliest formation was the phalanx which was first employed in Sumer c.
The phalanx was employed, in one form or another, by most of the fighting forces in the ancient world. The Greeks employed cavalry to protect the flanks and the Thebans used a combination of cavalry, infantry, and peltasts. The introduction of the war chariot and, later, the use of elephants in battle, supplemented the role of the infantry but never diminished their importance. War has been an important factor in creating states and empires throughout history and, equally so, in destroying them. Major advances in science , technology, and engineering have been brought about through necessity during times of war.
Once the river was made shallow in both channels it was, of course, easy to cross.
Stories such as this provide examples of the importance of engineers in the practice of war. The increaseing development of military tactics or, in this case, geographical obstacles, necessitated a corps of engineers as a regular part of any army. With advancements in technology, war has increasingly wreaked chaos and destruction upon the lives and cities of combatants and non-combatants and, true to the origins of the name, has sown confusion throughout time.
However that may be, war continues as a common extension of political disputes in modern times and, as human beings never radically change in disposition, will continue be employed in the future as it has been in the past; fueled and justified by the ages-old tribe mentality. Editorial Review This Article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication.
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Become a Member. Mark, J. War in Ancient Times. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Mark, Joshua J. Last modified September 02, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 02 Sep Written by Joshua J.
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This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Mark published on 02 September Remove Ads Advertisement. Bibliography Anglim S.
Amber Books, Davis, P. Durant, W. Our Oriental Heritage.
Kaufmann, W. Philosophic Classics. Prentice Hall College Div, Leick, G. Penguin Non-Classics , About the Author Joshua J. Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. He has taught history, writing, literature, and philosophy at the college level. Related Content Filters: All. Cavalry, although never replacing infantry as the mainstay of the Military supremacy of the seas could be a crucial factor in the
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